Naming: According to mythology the island was named after its first inhabitant whose name was Milos. (According to mythology, Milos was the son of a Cyprian royal family, who was sent by the goddess Aphrodite to inhabit the island after his parents’ suicide.) Etymologically, though, the name ‘’Milos’’ is probably a transformation of the pre-Hellenic word ‘’βήλος’’ meaning ‘’sheep’’.
Population: Approximately 5,000 inhabitants (4.744 people based on the 2001 census).
Location: Milos is the 5th biggest island of Cyclades (there are 24 Cycladic islands in total) and it is situated in their southwest edge. It is 86 miles (138,40 km.) from Piraeus and it is almost in the middle of the Piraeus-Crete sea route. The island’s latitude is from 3646’ 27’’ to 3638’ 37’’, whereas its longitude is from 24 19’ 01’’ to 24 32 47’’.
Size: 158 km2 .
Shape: The island’s shape is irregular and it resembles that of a horseshoe. From North to South its length reaches the 11.2 km, whereas from East to West it reaches the 17,6km. In its centre it turns narrow and the sea penetrates deep into the land creating the harbor of Milos, one of the biggest and most secure natural ports in the Mediterranean sea.
Ground Morphology: The island is relatively mountainous, without arboraceous vegetation and with low mountain height that does not exceed the 400m.
Higher mountain peak: Prophitis Ilias-751m high.
Climate: The island’s climate is mild Mediterranean, with adequate sunshine in the most days of the year. From the middle of July and until the middle of August the etesian winds blow (north periodic winds) and as for the south winds they are usually neither frequent nor strong.
Administration: Milos constitutes one Municipality, the Municipality of Milos and its capital is Plaka. As far as administration is concerned it belongs to the prefecture of Cyclades where the city of Ermoupolis in Syros is the capital.
Fields of Activity: In the past, Milos had developed the rural production to an adequate degree. Nowadays, the most important position is occupied by the secondary sector in which we find the mining of industrial materials, whereas the tertiary sector and more specifically the tourist activity is under rapid development.