Naming: According to mythology the island was named after its first inhabitant whose name was Milos. (According to mythology, Milos was the son of a Cyprian royal family, who was sent by the goddess Aphrodite to inhabit the island after his parents’ suicide.) Etymologically, though, the name ‘’Milos’’ is  probably  a  transformation of  the pre-Hellenic word ‘’βήλος’’ meaning  ‘’sheep’’.

Population: Approximately 5,000 inhabitants (4.744 people  based on the 2001 census).

Location: Milos is the 5th biggest island of  Cyclades (there  are 24 Cycladic islands  in total) and it is situated in their southwest edge. It is 86 miles (138,40 km.) from Piraeus and it is almost in the middle of  the Piraeus-Crete sea  route. The island’s  latitude  is from 3646’ 27’’ to 3638’ 37’’, whereas  its longitude is from 24 19’ 01’’ to 24 32 47’’.

Size: 158 km.

Shape: The island’s shape is  irregular and it resembles that of a horseshoe. From  North to South  its  length reaches the 11.2 km, whereas from East to West  it reaches the  17,6km. In its centre it  turns  narrow and the  sea penetrates  deep into the land creating  the  harbor of  Milos, one of the biggest and  most secure  natural ports  in the Mediterranean sea.

Ground Morphology: The island is relatively mountainous, without  arboraceous vegetation  and with low mountain height that does  not exceed the 400m.

Higher mountain peak: Prophitis  Ilias-751m high.

Climate: The island’s climate is mild Mediterranean, with adequate  sunshine in the most days of the year. From the  middle of July and until  the middle of August  the  etesian winds blow (north  periodic winds) and  as  for  the south winds they   are usually neither frequent nor strong.

Administration: Milos constitutes one Municipality, the Municipality of Milos and  its capital  is  Plaka. As far as administration is concerned it belongs to the prefecture of Cyclades where  the city of  Ermoupolis  in  Syros is the capital.

Fields of Activity: In the past, Milos had developed  the rural production to  an adequate degree. Nowadays, the  most important position  is occupied by  the secondary sector in which we find the mining of  industrial materials, whereas  the tertiary sector  and more specifically the tourist activity is under rapid development.